What a silence! (20)
|Comacchio is a peaceful place, I was attracted by colours but above all by its silence even if I has been here with 40 pupils.|
The commune is one of the main centres of the Po Delta, and its territory includes seven seaside resorts. A lagoon town - known also as the small Venice - a maze of canals and bridges rising on 13 small islets in the north of the Comacchio lagoon. The economy, for thousands of years based on fishing and salt trade, has given way to a remarkable tourist development in the seven "Lidi" or seaside resorts, helped as well by the important Natural Park of the Po Delta.
In Roman times the town was situated along the main branch of the Po river, which was in the Middle Ages deviated to the north, and its history is closely connected to the changes in the water and land system of the area. Once very near to the sea, with the increasing silting of the delta the coastline moved to the east. The earliest settlements are recorded in the 6th century BC, when the Etruscan founded the town of Spina, which was abandoned in the 3rd century BC. In Roman times the wetlands were partly drained and villas built in the reclaimed land areas. At the fall of the Western Roman Empire Comacchio came under the control of the Byzantine Exarchate of Ravenna until 751 AD, when the Lombards occupied the area. At the time Comacchio was a fortified settlement, with a flourishing fish and salt trade, and appears as a "castrum" in a document of Liutprand, king of the Lombards from 712 to 744, regulating boat transit on the Po river. Charlemagne defeated the Lombards and donated the lagoons to the Church.
Throughout the Middle Ages, Venice was a fierce competitor of Comacchio in the salt trade, and a long war ended with the destruction of Comacchio in 932 AD. After a slow reconstruction, Comacchio became first a free commune, then accepted the supremacy of the House of Este. In 1598, when the last member of the dynasty died heirless, Comaccio returned under the control of the Church state. The cardinals sent to rule the Valleys (as the wetlands were called) built the many stone bridges still extant today, opening the water connection to the sea. Among the most famous events in the history of the area was the arrival of Giuseppe Garibaldi, who in 1849 after the defeat of the unitarian coalition in the Second War of Italian Independence landed at Magnavacca - renamed as Porto Garibaldi - with his mortally wounded, beloved wife Anita, who died here some days later. After the unity of Italy, large drainage projects took place, reclaiming land for agriculture and more recently for tourist development.