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"Baby" Ottoman Viper

Photo Information
Copyright: Bayram Gocmen (boreocypriensis) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 974 W: 3 N: 3088] (10784)
Genre: Places
Medium: Color
Date Taken: 2010-04-29
Categories: Nature
Camera: Nikon D-80, SIGMA 70-300MM F-4-5.6 APO DG MACRO AFM, @ ISO 400, BW 58 MM UV
Exposure: f/16, 1/400 seconds
Photo Version: Original Version
Date Submitted: 2010-06-05 22:37
Viewed: 2704
Points: 16
[Note Guidelines] Photographer's Note
Montivipera xanthina (Ottoman Viper, Ottoman Mountain Viper) [in Turk. Osmanlı Engereği, Şeritli Engerek] (Juvenile)

After some shots of an adult Ottoman viper with approx. a meter long, today once more the same species but this time a “baby” while resting on a rock:). May be you can notice that the baby Ottoman viper has a bright colouration than that of adults comparing with my previous postings.

TFL & Happy Sunday!

©Bayram GÖÇMEN, All Rights Reserved.


Some Tips on Vipers:

The defense behaviors of the vipers and pitvipers are perhaps their best-known feature. The snakes coil up into a flat spiral with the head curved up from the middle of the coil. Some also hiss, jerk forward with the head, rattle the tail, or blow up the body, which makes the snake look larger. Each of the behaviors may be enough to scare off a predator. Many of the warmer climate species remain active all year long, but the temperate species may hibernate for many weeks. Those living high up in the mountains and other places with especially cold winters typically hibernate for several, sometimes up to eight, months a year.

Males mate every year in the spring or fall, sometimes wrestling with other males over the chance to mate with a female. Females, especially those in colder climates, often skip a year or more between matings. The females of most species produce eggs, but these hatch inside her body so that she gives birth to baby snakes. This kind of reproduction is called as “Ovoviviparity”. The Ottoman viper being ovoviviparous one, the clutch size is, on average, 10 young, but it can vary between two and 15 young. A few species, such as the night adders, lay eggs instead (Oviparity, Oviparous). Recent research suggests that some mothers may linger around the young for a few days, possibly providing some protection against predators that may hunt them for food.

The most important distinguishing characteristic in all viperids is the venom apparatus. Their poison fangs have no sign of grooves; they actually have enclosed canals within the fangs that transmit venom out of the body, very much like a hypodermic needle. The two upper jawbones (maxillae), which bear the fangs, are very short. Each maxilla has a special joint that permits this bone, along with the fang anchored firmly within it, to rotate 90°. When the viper closes its mouth, the fangs lay back, tip inward, and are covered by a fold in the mucous membrane. When the mouth is opened, a lifting mechanism is activated, putting the fangs into a vertical position by means of the rod-shaped ectopterygoid bones and the pterygoid. The fangs are then in position to bite and inject venom. The fangs (or, more precisely, the maxillae) are laid back with the same action as when a pocketknife is snapped together. The adaptation of folding back the fangs (referred to as solenoglyphous dentition) permits them to be extremely long, far exceeding the length of those in such snakes as cobras, which bear fangs that are fixed in the down, or vertical, position. The fangs of the giant king cobra are not much longer than those of the rather small adder. The long fangs enable vipers to bite deeply into the tissues and cause the victim to suffer severe necrosis. The fangs fold back into the mouth after they are withdrawn from the victim. Viper venom contains primarily hematoxic material (i.e., substances injurious to the blood and the blood vessels). Thus, a viper bite typically has a very different effect from a cobra or mamba bite (their venom being primarily neurotoxic, that is, injurious to the nervous system). Viper bites are accompanied by prominent local irritation and symptoms of severe blood poisoning, with burning pain, inflamed swellings, pronounced discoloration, sudden drop in blood pressure, internal bleeding, degeneration of the tissues, and the formation of an abscess. Death ensues because the heart stops, not as the result of respiratory arrest, as in cobra bites. Some vipers, whose venom contains neurotoxic as well as hematoxic substances -such as Blunt-nosed viper, Macrovipera lebetina who is the most venomous species of the Turkey & Cyprus, that I am well experienced man with its venom:)- are especially dangerous. You can reach more info about on this experience and see the poison fangs from HERE:).


1. Göçmen, B., Arikan, H., Özbel, Y., Mermer, A. & Çiçek, K. (2006). Clinical, physiological and serological observations on human folowing Macrovipera lebetina lebetina envenomating. Türkiye Parazitoloji Dergisi (Acta Parasitologica Turcica), 30 (2): 158-162.
2. Budak, A. & Göçmen, B. (2005). Herpetology. Ege Üniversitesi Fen Fakültesi Kitaplar Serisi, No. 194, Ege Üniversitesi Basimevi, Bornova-Izmir, 226 pp. [2nd Edition, 2008].
3. Grzimek, B., (2003). Grzimek’s Animal Life Encyclopedia, Second Edition Volume 7 Reptiles Schlager Group Inc. 571 pp.

parasbhalla, solrac, gaillarde, Tanjicka has marked this note useful
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Critiques [Translate]

Merhaba Bayram Bhaijaan,

Nice closeup capture from a viper with great details!

The textures on the skin of the viper are well shown. The colors are natural and the clarity is well done. The sharpness and POV are well managed and light is nicely controlled and well homogenized on all body parts of the viper. Well done!

best greetings,

Hola Bayram
Bello ejemplar de esta joven vibora en la que se observa con claridad su ojo y detalles de su piel escamosa , gran encuadre , nitidez , color y luz , una excelente obra , gracias por compartir

buen fin de semana
un saludo

  • Great 
  • ayse51 Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 2092 W: 144 N: 2110] (27563)
  • [2010-06-07 8:56]

Merhaba Bayram bey,
ince detaylarıyla her zaman olduğu gibi çok güzel bir yakın plan çekim.O yörede inşaalah antidotları bulunuyordur sağlık kuruluşlarında.Ellerinize sağlık.Necla.

Merhaba Bayram Bey,çooooook uzun bir aradan sonra yeniden merhaba.Benim hibernasyon baya bi uzun sürdü:))Fotoğraflarınızı izlemeyi özlemişim.Şahmaran'a hayranlığım vardı ama sizin kareleri izledikten sonra masalsı dünyadan sıyrılıp gerçek hayattada yılanları ilgiyle izlemeye başladım.Fotoğraf gezilerinde karşıma yılan çıkar korkusunu hiç taşımıyorum artık.Zira onlar bizlerden daha çok korkup kaçıyorlar yada ben öyle hissediyorum :))
Bunu uyuyrken yakalmışsınız sanırım,öğle sıcağından baygın düşmüş gibi.Detaylar yine çok güzel,ellerinize sağlık,sevgiler :))

Bonsoir mon ami Bayram,

Merci pour ces belles notes intructives.
Magnifique texture et couleurs de cette vipère bébé, qui semble, comme vous l'écrivez, être dans une certaine sommnolence, lovée sous les roches. belle armature et présentation.
Mes compliments Monsieur le prof:).
Je vous souhaite une heureuse et belle semaine.
Amitiés. Yolande

Merhaba Bayram,

This is very good close-up.
Excellent focus, sharpness and light.
Very natural colors.
I am not sure about the angle ... maybe 1-2 steps to the right would be better, of course if you have the opportunity to do so.

Warm greetings and best wishes,

  • Great 
  • milas Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 2841 W: 398 N: 3076] (34114)
  • [2010-06-08 10:46]

merhaba hocam...
Milas taraflarında bu yılanlardan olduğunu duyuyorum, çok tehlikeli olmalı, bir olayına şahit olmuştum, sağımlık bir koyunun süt kokusuyla belkide süt yemek maksadıyla gelip kıpırdayınca koyunu sokmuştu, on dakika içinde zavallı koyun ölmüştü...ve bu bizim çalışma alanımızın içinde olduğundan baya korkmuştuk, milasa ilk geldiğim yıllardı, zamanla alıştık gitti, selamlar

Selam Bayram Bey,
Arka planıyla beraber uyum sağlayan müthiş bir renk ve şekil armonisi. Harrika bir doku
Selahattin E

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