Hill of Crosses
|Copyright: Karolina Pokwicka (Matylda76)
|Date Taken: 2009-09-18|
|Categories: Decisive Moment|
|Exposure: f/11, 1/320 seconds|
|More Photo Info: [view]|
|Photo Version: Original Version|
|Date Submitted: 2009-09-21 12:25|
|[Note Guidelines] Photographer's Note [Polish]|
|Amazing view to the history...|
The Hill of Crosses (Lithuanian: Kryziu kalnas.ogg Kryžių kalnas) is a site of pilgrimage about 12 km north of the city of Šiauliai, in northern Lithuania. The exact origins are unknown, but it is considered that the first crosses were placed on the former Jurgaičiai or Domantai hill fort after the 1831 Uprising. Over the centuries, not only crosses, but giant crucifixes, carvings of Lithuanian patriots, statues of the Virgin Mary and thousands of tiny effigies and rosaries have been brought here by Catholic pilgrims. The number of crosses is unknown, but estimates put it at about 50,000. However, from observation in late July 2009, and from material handed out to pilgrims at the site's entry kiosk, the number of crosses is very much greater than 50,000. The kiosk phamplet says "in the millions" and that "thousands are added every week" both of which are certainly believable.
Over the centuries, the place has come to signify the peaceful endurance of Lithuanian Catholicism despite the threats it faced throughout history. After the 3rd partition of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth in 1795, Lithuania became part of the Russian Empire. Poles and Lithuanians unsuccessfully rebelled against Russian authorities in 1831 and 1863. These two uprisings are connected with the beginnings of the hill: as families could not locate bodies of perished rebels, they started putting up symbolic crosses in place of a former hill fort.
When the old political structure of Eastern Europe fell apart in 1918, Lithuania once again declared its independence. Throughout this time, the Hill of Crosses was used as a place for Lithuanians to pray for peace, for their country, and for the loved ones they had lost during the Wars of Independence.
Most recently, the site took on a special significance during the years 1944-1990, when Lithuania was occupied by the Soviet Union. Continuing to travel to the Hill and leave their tributes, Lithuanians used it to demonstrate their allegiance to their original identity, religion and heritage. It was a venue of peaceful resistance, although the Soviets worked hard to remove new crosses, and bulldozed the site at least three times (including attempts in 1963 and 1973). There were even rumors that the authorities planned to build a dam on the nearby Kulvė River, a tributary to Mūša, so that the hill would end up under water.
On September 7, 1993, Pope John Paul II visited the Hill of Crosses, declaring it a place for hope, peace, love and sacrifice. In 2000 a Franciscan hermitage was opened nearby. The interior decoration draws links with La Verna, the mountain where St. Francis received his stigmata. The hill remains under nobody's jurisdiction; therefore people are free to build crosses as they see fit.
andrzej, gnada, roges, boreocypriensis, jan515, mi_per has marked this note useful
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Ciekawe zdjecie,bardzo interesujaca historia tego miejsca.
Doskonaly punkt widzenia,bardzo dobre detale i super swiatlo.
Hi Karolina :
A super capture and the angle that you chose with super notes...all of it is excellent. I wonder what it would do if you captured the same image with F5.6 or F8. This may take some busy view away ( but still it is a great capture).
- [2009-09-22 14:01]
Swietne ujecie bardzo ciekawego miejsca i notka rowniez bardzo ciekawa.
Serdecznie Cie pozdrawiam.
What a great image. The POV and DOF is excellent. I think God is pleased at the stamina of the Lithuanians stubborness on this hill. I salute them also. Thanks for a great story with an image. Excellent work
Interesujacy kadr,dobra ostrosc i kolory,ciekawa notka.
Czesc Karolina! Swietna kompozycja, bardzo dobra glebia, doskonle swiatlo i pierwszorzedna kolorystyka. Jestem pod wrazeniem. Klaniam sie!
- [2009-09-28 11:10]
Bardzo ciekawe zdjęcie. Interesujący temat obrazu.
Bardzo ciekawy opis usług.
Have a nice week,
Ciao Bella, jeszcze nie zupełnie, na razie w dziekanacie złozyłam swe wysiłki i czekam na termin;)
Jeśli chodzi o photo, to niezłe uderzenie, poważnie i ostro ale podoba mi się.
Wiesz zaskoczyłaś mnie ujęciem tematu. Tj. bardzo dobre zdjęcie, pełne emocji.
Pozdrawiam serdecznie;) no i mam nadzieję na spotkanie jakoś wkrótce;)
Good Morning Karolina,
Amazing POV you captured this hill full with crosses.
TFS and cheers,
- [2009-10-04 11:45]
Doskonale skadrowanie tego ciekawego miejsca,bardzo dobra glebia i super swiatlo.Ciekawie opisane zdjecie.
- [2009-10-05 3:55]
Very interesting POV and angle...
thanks for note.
regards and TFS
- [2009-10-05 4:01]
This is a very special place and you've chosen a great POV to show it.