city over the rocks
|Copyright: Franco Degani (degani)
|Date Taken: 2008-04-30|
|Camera: Nikon D80|
|Exposure: f/6.3, 1/500 seconds|
|More Photo Info: [view]|
|Photo Version: Original Version|
|Date Submitted: 2008-05-02 23:37|
|[Note Guidelines] Photographer's Note|
Pitigliano is an Italian town and comune of province of Grosseto in the Maremma area of Tuscany. The town stands on an abrupt tuff butte high above the Olpeta, the Fiora and the Lente rivers.
Pitigliano and its area were inhabited in Etruscan times, but the first extant written mention of Pitigliano dates only to 1061. In the early 13th century it belonged to the Aldobrandeschi family, and by the middle of the century it had become the capital of the surrounding county.
In 1293 the county passed to the Orsini family, which signaled the start of a hundred and fifty years of on-again, off-again wars with Siena, at the end of which, in 1455, a compromise of sorts was reached: Siena acknowledged the status of county to Pitigliano, which, in exchange, placed herself under the suzerainty of Siena.
From thence onwards, the history of Pitigliano resorbs into the gradually wider ambit first of the Grand-Duchy of Tuscany (1562), then of the united Kingdom of Italy.
Pitigliano is home to a series of artificial cuts into the tufa rock to varying depths ranging from less than one meter to over 10 meters. At the bottom of these cuts (Italian: tagliate) are carved channels, apparently for water, although some take the form of steps. The purpose of the cuts is not known: the three main theories are that they were roads, quarries, or water conveyance schemes; they radiate outward from the base of the butte of Pitigliano, down to the rivers then back to the top of the plateau that surrounds the town. A few very brief Etruscan inscriptions are said to have been found on the walls of the cuts, but are ill documented.
Medieval and Renaissance monuments:
The former Cathedral of SS. Pietro e Paolo.
The church of Santa Maria.
The Orsini Fortress, which achieved its present state in 1545 but represents a reworking of the earlier medieval fortress
the town's walls and gates, the best preserved of which is the Porta Sovana.
remains of a tall and very visible aqueduct at the very top of the butte.
For several hundred years Pitigliano was a frontier town between the Grand Duchy of Tuscany and, to the south, the Papal States. For this reason, the town was home to a flourishing and long-lived Jewish community, mostly made up by people fleeing from Rome during the Counterreformation persecutions. Although there are almost no Jews left in town, not enough to provide a minyan, the synagogue (1598, with furnishings of the 17th and 18th centuries) is still officiated from time to time. It was restored in 1995.
The Tempietto ("Small temple") is a small cave, probably of natural origin but considerably reworked by human hands, lying a few hundred meters outside the central district, yet far above the Lente valley. Its purpose and builders remain unknown. Locally it is referred to as a "paleochristian tempietto", but this has never been confirmed; it must date to Late Antiquity or the early Middle Ages, although it may replace an Etruscan or Roman arcosolium.
Janice, amcolli, harpya, Silvio2006, jazmin, Teresat, mbrito has marked this note useful
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|To Teresat: thank you||degani
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- [2008-05-03 0:59]
Some of the Cinque Terres villages look similar to this place, Franco.
Very interesting notes too, thank you.
You show the architecture well, and I think I would like to visit here.
Forse leggermente storta verso dx ma di grande fascino.
well taken image of a place full of happy childood memories when we used to wander alla over the ancient etrurian sites with my mom and dad. veryinteresting opklace thata everyopne should get to visit, full of charm, history and good food!!!
well framed, a bit more sharpness and contrast could help
- [2008-05-03 6:32]
Che è che io chiamo lavoro di arte,
una città enorme costruì su pietre.
Loro la mano umana è perfetta nelle Sue abilità.
Bel colpo ed il grande testo esplicativo il mio amico.
Lei ha un show di architettura qui.
Italy is full of such architectures, little villages built over the rocks, memories of the past...
Showing them is a gift to everybody!
- [2008-05-03 16:47]
these old stones of walls look the parts of rocks of the earth.
old colors are near the natural rock surfaces.
I think old stones are the middle and the mixture betwen the nature and the human activities, so these have a kind of affinity and gracefulness...
thank you for your tasteful shot,
Interesting shot and note. Special town over the rocks. Good POV, nice tones.
Ciao Franco, bello quest'edificato fito fitto, sono belli anche gli scantinati dove si celano piacevoli sorprese enologiche, ottima composizione di questa deliziosa cittadina, bravo, ciao Silvio
lovely composition. The windows and the roof makes a beautiful effect. Over the rocks the composition breath and time goes. Impressive neutral tones.
- [2008-05-05 12:33]
Fantastic place, and a fantastic photo, Franco.
These houses are fabulous, and the detail and compo in your photo is perfect. Great posting.